tv America Tonight Al Jazeera June 30, 2014 9:00pm-10:01pm EDT
on "america tonight" - iraq's fearsome fighters declare the creation of an islamic state. what a calafat means, and how the roots of this declaration reach back do the end of world war i, but now pose a threat for the region's future. also - the case that brought some of the nations biggest civil rights advocates and protesters to a town in louisiana, sara hay with a look at the men known as the gen us
6. >> i don't believe justice was served. i believe the case was resolved, but no justice. eight summers later the story raises questions about fairness and race in our system of crime and punishment as millions head out on the roads for the biggest holiday, our look at road risks you probably haven't considered. >> it was a distinct sound of metal braking. >> reporter: what did you see? >> my car was in a free fall adam may on crumbling america - where the worse problems are, why they are not getting fixed and are you at risk? good evening, thanks for joining us, i'm julie chen.
up to this point i.s.i.l. focussed on whether the group would split, but a declaration and a name change made broader ambitions clear. what is the former i.s.i.l. announced what it calls the formation of the islamic state with promises to redraw the map of the middle east, even as the baghdad government struggles to take back land with help of the united states and russia. insight from sheila macvicar. in this syria down, automatic weapons' fire, guns raised in celebration. this is the stronghold of a group that until today was called i.s.i.l. with a rapid advance across syria's border into iraq, seizing towns and assets, i.s.i.l. declared an islamic state and says they will fight to hold the territory seized, but pay salaries and collect
taxes too. >> translation: we are above all other flags. there's no nationally, we are muslims with one country and one imam. >> reporter: they announced their intentions in a video and to make sure it reached a wide audience released in english, russian, french and german. they maimed the calaf as abu backour alab daddi the leader of i.s.i.l. >> all the countries, we will take until we reach - it's the first barrier of many. >> reporter: the idea of a calafat reaches back in time to the ottoman empire, rising from turkey in the 14th century. straddling north africa, egypt, the middle east and parts of
europe. no boards, ruled by the ottoman kalaf. brought to the end of world war i, enclosing borders and spheres of influence, the familiar map of the modern middle east. broken apart with border crossing and land on both sides. >> across the water, we see the east where i stand here. this is the so-called border with the police and there's no border now. >> reporter: iraq's military is fighting back, struggling to regain the city of tikrit, the home town of dictator saddam hussein, the place where i.s.i.s. has the support, and mann power of the sunni tribes, who have not reacted publicly to the declaration. sheila macvicar rejoining us now. let's talk about this islamic
state and what it means. is it something that the former i.s.i.l. allies will go along with, or is it too far? >> here is the thing. we don't know if i.s.i.l., now the islamic state, consulted with the allies, former tries, secular baathists. if they had the conversation and everyone was on board, the situation is different than it if islamic state made a unilateral directive. there has been incidents in moss all and other places where factions allied to the islamic state got into battles with them. it could happen again and be the beginning where we see the sunni tribes pushing is, the islamic state out. >> and if it's the islamic
state, it's not inclusive of all mousse limes. >> no, it's sunni, salafist and brutal regime. they've been accused of war crimes in syria, and by others in the short period of iraq. the execution of shia prisoners and others. it's not an inclusive state, no matter how much they want to bring back the notion of the calafat, it's not what it is. >> the government is seating a new parliament this week or intends to. >> that is supposed to happen tomorrow. you have nouri al-maliki, the prime minister elect, a shi'a, trying to form a coalition. he is under tremendous pressure, not just from the americans who made it clear they would like him to go, but others in his own factions. the sunni tribes made clear that they will not support a central government in baghdad as long as nouri al-maliki is at its head. >> thank you so much.
joining us now is retired generated mark kimmitt and has return friday a trip to iraq yourself. we are hearing so many voices while you were away, talking about nouri al-maliki must go. as the parliament is formed here, what do you hear on the ground happening? >> i think we are hearing the same thing. all the concerns in iraq seem to be focussed on nouri al-maliki, but he should not be held to blame. parliament bears some of the blame as well. is there an option coming to fore if that is the case? >> we will see. there's a lot of political horse trading in baghdad. i think we'll see tomorrow whether a government will be seated, whether the sunnis will boycott. if the government is ceded, this has a long way to go. >> is it true we'll see a parliament ceded or mr nouri
al-maliki named here. let's talk about the islamic state. let's understand what the islamic state represents to the united states. there's a question about whether that would be a harbour for terrorists. >> it would be. this is classic al qaeda by another name. al qaeda sought sanctuary and safe haech in ungoverned areas from where they can project power around the world. that's what they are trying to do, they've done it before in south sudan. that with would be an existential threat to the region, europe and the united states. >> does it represent a change in what the former i.s.i.l. is reaching for, its aims? >> it's the next step. i.s.i.l. is a fighting force. the islamic state is geography.
it's a geographical area, and it's an area where they'll set up their own government, taxation and sharia law. >> what does it represent to the rest of the region. >> it's a tremendous concern of the monarchies in the region, it offers an alternative vision to the sunni countries and the sunni population in the region. the people most concerned about the establishment of the islamic state are allies in saudi arabia, united emirates and elsewhere. >> it's a bigger concern than simply moving to baghdad. >> absolutely. this a threat not simply to iraq and syria, but to the region and beyond. >> the latest we heard is the united states are stepping up forces. we started with a couple of hundred and now about 750.
>> my sense is we are bulking up security at the embassy and other locations in iraq. i don't think we'll see the troops acting as direct advisors to the iraqi security forces. they are more for application and advice than mentoring the security forces. >> does it represent anything about the u.s. heading into a broader role? >> reluctantly i believe the president is being pulled into a larger role, not only for the safety of diplomatic people on the ground, but to ensure there's an assistance of ability in the country. >> thank you general for being here in the middle east the search is rising for three young settlers coming to an end, with fears over their disappearance and death will lead to a round of violence. the bodies of three young men were found, after disappearing
18 days ago. israel blamed hamas and rescued more than 500 palestinians. the largest operation in the west bank in a decade. palestinian fighters fired 30 rock erts into israel -- rockets into israel, and israel responded with air strikes targetting gaza. that brings us to nick schifrin, on the ground in gaza. we have heard, we understand, the response from israel. >> in the past 30 minutes we heard two dozen air strikes, loud, big booming things dropped by f-16s. there's a couped of tit for -- couple of tit for tat. half an hour ago the first rocked fired from gaza into israel landing in an open field. all the air strikes by gaza fell
in empty training grounds. there's no injuries or casualties. what has changed it the ratio. for his rail this is an attack on its citizens. three israelis kidnapped and killed - that has not happened. you are getting calls in israel for an unprecedented response. there's 30 air strikes. usually it's four or five in response to a single rocket. israel is trying to change the ratio and is perhaps getting settled in for a larger response. >> where you are in gaza, that was accepted the things there must have been rising through the last three hours. >> yes, there was a lot of angst on the streets, the deputy frirps -- frirges saying i'm not sure how many hamas leaders will
be alive tomorrow. the israelis calling it a rubbish. interestingly before people were in the streets, life is continuing in gaza. we'll see how expansive the israeli response will be. gazzans anticipating that, but going on with their dally lies. -- daly lives. >> al jazeera correspondent nick schifrin. when we return, when justice falls out of balance. the explosive case of six young when who faced injustice. >> i thought the system was against me much the school, the students. >> sara hoy with an indepth second look with the case of the jen us six and what we can learn
now we look at crime and punishment and justice and race. it's been nearly a decade since the down of jeno louisiana was thrust into the spotlight. six black teenagers were arrested and charged with attempted murder after beating up a class-nate was white. it -- classmate who was white. in this exclusive sara hoy returns to jeno to find out what changed. >> reporter: robert bailey junior, michael bell, brian purvis, theo shaw. four young me, part of a group of defendants known as the jena #, a racially charged case that
divided the nation. the teens were charged with attempted murder, then battery following is 2006 schoolyard fight that left a white classmate unconscious. >> i know what i did, but when i heard the term attempted murder, i'm think, like, man, attempted murder. all i did... >> michael bell was the first of the six teens to be tried and convicted in adult court. a ruling that sparked anger across the country. what is the first thing that comes to mind when you hear the phrase jeana 6 anger. pain. >> reporter: now a 24-year-old student at southern university in baton rouge, bell wants to set the record straight. >> it's important for the country to know what happened with the jeana 6. they stood up and said they had
nothing to do with it and i did everything. it was important for everybody to know what happened. if you had a part in it you should have said at the time that you had something to do with it. it's not a jenna 6, it's a jena 1. released in 2006 after his conviction was overturned, he agreed to a plea deal, sentenced to 18 months and gip credit for time served. he attempted suicide after been unrelated arrest the following year. >> it wouldn't have bothered me, but people was judging. i just wanted to live a normal live. have a family. . >> reporter: the infamous fight followed months of tensions after three nooses were hung from a tree, known as a hang out for white students only. after bell was found guilty, he faced 22 years in prison much
after his sentencing people filled the streets. senator president obama weighed in on the controversy, saying:. >> i wouldn't have known about this, i didn't do nothing wrong. >> reporter: at the center of the brawl was juch barker, who lives near jena. eight years later, he's married request a newborn baby girl, and says he suffers jaw problems and doesn't know why he was attacked. >> at that time i didn't know what it was. it didn't blow up until they started - everybody started to come in, and the story got turned off of me getting jumped on. to getting them out of trouble. i mean, it's like they didn't do
nothing wrong, basically, you know. i wasn't worried about them jumping on me, what what they were charged with. it was probably a little harsh, attempted murder, but they should been charged with something. >> reporter: in your opinion do you think they should have been charged with attempted murder? >> well, yes. yes. you know, that might have been a little harsh. but if someone stomps someone's head or kicks them while they are unconscious on the ground, and kick them in the face, you know, and stomping me, i don't know what else you would be trying to do. beside kill somebody while they are sitting there, laying there. >> reporter: back in 2006 it was
said it case showed discrimination in the system, and some say they exist today. this law system in montgomery alabama helped to coordinate the defense for the jena six. >> it's a nationwide problem. louisiana leads the back. we have the highest incarceration rate in the world and the country. one in 86 is in jam. >> reporter: one in 86. >> it's five times higher than iran. >> a report from the national council on crime and delinquency found minorities are over-represented in the phases of juvenile justice. black youth are 16% of the population. they make up 30% of all detained youth. >> when we look at the population of prins, we see determine - i prefer a term
hyper incarceration, we are looking at con sen strated populations disproportionately represented. when we look at them, it's disproportionate to their population in gaol. one in three males are expected to be under criminal justice provision at some point in their lives, one in three. >> the case continues to put a spotlight on racial dispaes dis in the justice system today. >> the issue of african american youth overcharged, tried as adults, tried for things that should be dealt with in the school house, that is not unusual and necessarily relegated to jena, that happens every day in cities throughout the country. >> the broader lesson is we need to understand that race is a part of how we operate. it comes into play in so many different expects of the criminal justice system. we have to look at it
wholistically and see what extent we'll make small changes to reduce racial by as and criminal justice. >> following the protest, charges were reduced for the remaining five teens. robert bailey junior, carr win jones, theo shaw pleaded no contest to battery. >> it brings back a lot of memories. >> 25-year-old brian purvis lives in dallas with his son. he started a tort company and plans to release a book on the case this winter. >> i don't believe justice was served. i believe the case was resolved, but i don't believe in justice. i'll make knew routes, i never give up. >> reporter: robert bailey junior lives in rushton, near his gramling university. >> reporter: there was no jena 6, a jena 1. he feels he was hung out.
you share a similar concern, and does that make sense where he is coming from, he's the scapegoat. >> it makes sense if you are in his shoes. if you look at it, you know the issue. he did more time than everybody else, he didn't see what we saw, 20,000 people on the streets. he didn't see that or witness that, or the meet of the whole case. he was incarcerated, everything. not to experience what was going on, i hear it will make it. >> reporter: bailey, a 24-year-old father of two graduated in may and starts grad school this summer and says the jena 6 case is behind him. >> i'm not mad at no one about nothing. i have no problem with nobody about anything, no beef with nobody. because i'm still here. >> i won't say i didn't home
because i did. i hoped truth where prevail. >> reporter: at the time he was arrested. theo shaw spent a total of 7 months in gaol, unable to afford the bail. >> i thought my life is over, i thought the system was packed against me, the community is against me, the school, the students. >> today shaw works for the same nonprofit that defended him in 2006. he's a community advocate for the southern poverty law center new orleans office, visiting prison and juvenile detention centers. >> despite moments i felt hopeless, i sort of continued to be optimistic that i would leave the gaol, regardless of how long i was in there. i would have the opportunity to leave and use my voice on behalf of others. >> reporter: with his sights set on law school shaw was determined to move on. though forever lipped by the
shared history, shaw says it doesn't define who he is. >> i don't think i'll be here without those people standing up on my behalf, agitate ght the system for a just outcome. as i leave the office and get on the street car, on the bike, i try to think about the ways in which i can be a better colleague and person. an "america tonight" sara hoy joins us from indianapolis. you talked to just about everyone involved. two young me did not appear in the report. did they talk to you otherwise? >> no, jessie ray beard is up in new york taping university, and core win jones was on an oil rig. we were unable to reach them. >> reporter: the young men seem to have tension, particularly mr bell and the others. can you talk about that? >> yes, it was an trag dynamic.
when we -- interesting diane am k. you saw the jenna 6 as one group. they are men in their 20s, they had time to process this. michael bell is upset and wants to set the record straight, he told us that and does not mince words. the others do their own things and come together in times like this, when they want to speak to the media, otherwise they are pretty slept and you don't hear from them until we, the media, reach out. >> why did they this time? was there a particular message or an event? >> i think not a particular event. once they heard one wanted to talk, the rest wanted to speak. like i said, as they are in the mid 20s, they are young men and thought and processed this. in the case of michael bell, when he heard the others were coming out, and one with a book, he wanted to get out front. >> "america tonight"s sara hoy,
thank you for being with us. after a break, the supreme court verdict in the hobry lobby case. is it a victory for anti-abortion forces, anti-obama activists or a narrow union celebrated by a wide group with convermging interests. later in the hour - a warning about the 60,000 bridges in this country in need of repair. adam may gives us a look at crumbling america, and why you may be at risk.
mismanagement and delayed care, linked to the death of 40 patients. he will replace shenzeck. >> who resigned. rob ford is back in the spotlight, admitting a substance abuse problem and up for re-election. >> oscar pistorius did not have a mental disorder when he shot and killed reeva steenkamp. he claims he thought she was an ipp truder. he faces 25 years to life if found guilty of premeditated murder. in a key supreme court decision... [ chanting ] >> reporter: supporters of hobby lobby, and anti-abortion activists scored the 5-4 decision a win by the court. the craftingkm would have to
com -- crafting company wouldn't have to comply with obamacare rules to provide employees with all forms of contra-september icoverage. >> in is about -- contraceptive coverage. >> this is the right for businesses to run their businesses according to their convictions. >> reporter: hobby lobby covers four types of contraceptions but not four types considered abortion. effectively its religious beliefs of those of the openers. justice samuel alito wrote "the government has to do everything it can to avoid interfering with that religious compression". >> reporter: the court decision was narrow. the decision does not grant religious protection to large corporations. >> justice samuel alito under
scored wrote: still obamacare supporters worry about the broader implications. >> where do you draw the line of what acceptable religious beliefs can veto. if i have a boss that believes smoking is a sin, is my lung cancer treatment not covered. >> reporter: justice samuel alito writing:. >> for its part the white house signalled a solution, a work around that will subsidise the contraceptive care of women that lost their coverage because of the court decision. >> there are now a group of women of an indeterminate size who no longer have access to
free contraceptive coverage because of a religious view hold not by them, but their bosses. >> we disagree, and the obviously office disagrees with that conclusion from the supreme court. >> and the supreme court correspondent joins us. let's talk about whether this is a narrow or broad case. it's a bit of both, people try to take it both ways. is it about women's rights, health care, obamacare - what is it. >> it's both. it's narrow, which is not a satisfying april. if you read the principal opinion and the concurrence about kennedy, they try to limit it, saying it's about the mandate in affordable care act, just about contraception, and it's for for-profit corporations closely held. it's little and will not spread.
when you read the dissent by ruth bator, she says "oh, boy, it's the beginning of the end", and lists a parades of horribles, inevitable outcomes. the question is who do you believe. it's hard to know in advance of next case is it the case where the court is trying to define itself, but it will be used in future cases on side of abortion or the questions of obamacare, which opponents have been after. >> i think it's clear that this case emboldens religious employers to say, "you know what, this doesn't feel right." it's impossible to imagine, though justice samuel alito imagines it, that it stops here. the families in these two cases, the religious corporations objected to four. there's some that object to all 20.
how does that case stop. if you can't join the line, justice collins burg will say what about employers that don't want to pay equally to many, or those that don't want to the allow blood transfusions because they are jehovah witnesses. >> it's complicated, it's a trust of a family. >> in the majority justice samuel alito said it's limited to closely held corporations, and would limit whether it provided to exxon on another day. it's not clear in corporations can come forward and say we have a relimbingon. >> and even though samuel alito says it will not happen, they can't say it won't. another case that the court decided on today was that this had to do with health care, yes,
but union power as well. can you give us the summary on that. >> it's a complicated case. it could have been huge. in the case justice samuel alito, again writing the majority 5-4 is selling seeds for saying there's an agency rule saying if a union represents your interest, whether you are a member or not, you have to pay for their work in collective bargaining, no free riders. it's on the books since "77. this is a chance for the court to gut the rule and say nobody has to pay money to a union if the union represents them. they didn't do that. they limited it to home health care workers. if they are not seep union members the way others are. the court eviserates the rule, but doupt go all the way -- doesn't go all the way, just
sows the seeds for the next one. >> thank you. another fight out west. a reminder on the one-year anniversary on a day that killed 19 hot shot arizona firefighters as a community pauses to remember brave lives lost, crews battling another white fire in the mountains, one that scorched 6,000 acres, in a region suffering drought. descrated forest, perfectly primed for wildfires. scientists are working hard to get an understanding of fire's behaviour. researchers could one day save lives. rob reynolds reports. >> reporter: a wall of flame leaps into the air sca blizzard of -- and a blizzard of sparks spins. scientists probe the secrets of an old tool and its enemy, fire. this is the u.s. forest service
state of the art fire research lap in riverside california. university of california scientists and student are busy gathering fire data. marco oversees the ramp. >> we are trying to help firefighters to better plan prescribers or to fight wildfires. for that we have a controlled fire, upped control companies, and we are looking how fire spreads, what is the influence of the fire spreading, how fast it spreads and we hope that that information will be of use to firefighters. >> reporter: sensors in the fire records data points for analysis. slower windspeed makes smaller fire. in this experiment the flames didn't reach the upper cap ope. many infernos are created by the high wind.
by the time the experiments are finished the laptops are covered in ash. big wildfires are on the increase, in part because of drier conditions and temperatures due to change. this year's season started early as drought turps forests -- turps forests into tinder box. >> these experiments will allow us to describe what fire does from a fundamental stand point, with equations, and really understanding the complexity of fire. >> one thing is certain - fire will always be with us. it's a force that can never be eliminated, but can be better understood. that could save lives.
coming up next - bridging the gap. >> how many bridges in this country are deficient now. >> adam may investigates crumb lipping america and what -- crumbling america and what could keep the bridges from crumbling. looking ahead, a state of emergency. >> i thought at this moment all of us would die. >> disaster in the nite. an i don't remember after a train rec in canada, sheila macvicar returns to the community devastated by the tragedy, and investigates what has and hasn't changed to make freight rail safer. her 2-part report begins on tuesday on "america tonight".
(technical difficulties) [ ♪ music ] every day more than 200 million cars cross bridges across the united states, make you nervous - me too. there is some cause for alarm. one in nine commuters travel on bridges that defectors think are structurally deficient. funding has been held in in congress. adam may travelled to three big cities to report on our nation's broken bridges. . >> reporter: lindsay was 24 in
2006. she was stuck in traffic, frustrated, and anxious to get home after a lopping day. slowly approaching the i35 w bridge. >> i got to about the middle of the bridge when i heard a clapping. it was a very distinction sound of metal breaking. >> what did you see? >> my car was in an immediate free fall, it went to the bottom and was full of water. >> reporter: do you remember sitting there watching the water rise around you. >> my car wept went in and the water came up as quickly as the car wnt in. by the some time i started moving, i was drowning. >> to her surprise lindsay started to float, and that's when she saw the scale of the destruction. >> a construction worker saw me, and called me to a section.
brig, an ipp cloip -- incline that was climbable. he took something and fished me out. told me to sit by the meed yap, and that's where i -- meadian, and that's where i sat for 45 minutes. when i need to, i come here. >> reporter: seven years later a memorial has been erected honouring the victims, 13 columns, remembering 13 lives lost. now overlooked - the new i 35w brim. lipped say's name is here -- lindsay's name is here with 145 others who survived. >> reporter: how did you get out of your car? >> the unanswered question. i don't know. so i've just chalked it up to whatever else - i don't know. i have to accept i don't know and may never know. but i did. that's the part - that's the
part that matters. >> a formal investigation into the collapse took more than a year. the national transportation safety board said the cause of the tragedy was a simple design floor in the bridge's gusset plates, metal squares that connect one square beam to the other. at the time of the collapse the bridge was listed as structurally deficient. engineers ruled the bridge was in need of maintenance, safe enough to remain open. >> how many bridges in the country are deficient? >> there's 60,000 bridges with physical problems that need maintenance, rehabilitation, and to put it in perspective, it's one in nine bridges in this country. >> one in nine. >> casey is with the american society for civil engineers. every four years they evaluate the state of america's infrastructure. the most recent report card gave
our nation a shocking d plus, while the bridges were graded a c plus. how did we allow this to happen to have so many deficient bridges? >> like many categories of infrastructure, we have taken these things for granted. perhaps we think they'll last forever. the reality is the highway trust fund that supports bridges, roadways and transit systems - that trust fund is going to go bankrupt in august. congress has a major challenge before it to fix the trust fund and this has to be done by the end of the summer. >> that federal highway trust fund sends $35 billion to all 50 states, and for most it's the primary source of funding. the fund is not collecting enough rev fru from taxes.
with the deadline approaching president obama is now calling on law makers to support $300 billion in additional funding. >> it's time for folks to stop running around saying what is wrong with america. roll up your sleeves, let's get to work and help america re build. that's what we should be doing. >> in the shadow of the nation's capital sits the fredrik douglas brim. designeded the last 50 years, it's a critical articly in washington d.c., and 14 years overdue for replacement. >> what were the problems with the brim. >> it carries 77,000 cars in and out of the city, a critical way into capitol hill and washington. it's showing serious signs of aim and wear and tear. i read a news report describing parts of the steel under parts of this bridge appearing as though it had been gnawed by
rats. that's a vis uble depiction. the state with the worst record of bridge safety is pennsylvania, with one in four bridge deficient. the iconic birmingham bring is one. dan is with the pennsylvania department of transportation. >> there's not too much more time before there's a safety issue. it had a scare when a rocket beam slipped. portions of the bridge were closed for material a year. >> if you took this bridge out of service, 25% of the capacity to cross the river would be lost. that would be an impact on commuters and business in the pittsburgh region and would have a lot of impact on people. >> reporter: with funding in jeopardy, the state passed an act, setting aside $40 million
to overhaul the birmingham bridge. >> the project is eligible for federal funds. if they'd been available, we could have delivered it sooner. if not for the state funding we wouldn't be standing here talking about fixing the bridge. >> reporter: while bridges can be fixed, lindsay says her mental scars will last a lifetime. she credits hope with helping here. one of the canvases, the back brace. >> reporter: are these the names of people that didn't make it. >> yes. i have names of the 13 victims who passed away, and numbers and things this are important to historical nature of it, i wanted to capture what i remember, flames and tangled beams and the tasty truck on
fire, and the people on the island with me, the rebel so it was a very ath artic process for me to put that memory in real visual form for myself. >> reporter: lindsay says she deals with post-traumatic stress disorder, and survivor's guilt. but she says the biggest loss of all was to her faith. >> my world view now just comes with the assumption that things will fall down. i can see the cracks, i can see all of the things that are wrong with our infrastructure, and our buildings and all the different ways that we don't care for stuff like that. i don't trust that things will be safe. "america tonight"s adam may rejoins us. this highway trust fund. how do we pay for it? >> it's paid through the gas tax. that's the problem with it, and why it will run out of money in august. the gas tax as not been raised
for more than a decade. innation has not -- inflation has not caught up with it. it's not collecting as much money. they can't fund the projects. >> what will happen? >> there's calls to raise the gas tax. >> sure. >> very unpopular, especially as we are heading to an election. pretty unlikely that anything will happen. maybe they'll revisit the issue. they'll have to put stop gap measures in place to keep the funding. if they don't do that, 6,000 highway projects, including bridge projects that could come to a halt in they run out of money. >> they stop. what happens to all of us that drive on the roads if it's the case. >> 60,000 structurally deficient bridges in the u.s. they'll say open, you and i and your families will drive across
these bridges. that's why there are groups calling for a long-term solution, that the gas tax cannot continue to fund the repairs. we'll have to look for something else, a consumption tax based on how far we drive individual lay, raising another host of questions, how do you do that, technology big brother. >> adam may, thank you. ahead - a fan is a fan, but it's hard to know sometimes who the home team is. the host country of the world cup is a melting pot. we'll find out what that means to the world cup next.
if you missed it brazil celebrated in the streets after a nail-biter of penalty kicks with chile. two casualties on monday night in algeria. france and jeremy make it through. tuesday will be a tough workday as the u.s. meets belgium. 10.7 watched the u.s. wall to germany. we'll see how many make it to work tomorrow. this year's site of the world cup is home to an ethnically diverse country. they have experienced immigration. from sao paulo we look at how a person's roots may determine the team they support. sao paulo was a city built by immigrants. in the past decade the number of migrants jumped to 40,000, part of a new wave of migrants looking for a better life in
brazil. like this man who came to sao paulo more than six years ago. >> i'm still originally from nigeria. i will never forget that. when they play i cheer for nigeria, if it's nigeria against brazil i cheer for nigeria, the first lace i come from. >> reporter: there's 20 million people, immigrants that call that city home. sao paulo is the perfect place to catch the world cup spirit. in this neighbourhood, the heart of the japanese community in brazil, it's more than 1 million strong, the largest japanese community outside of japan. like this man who came 80 years ago. >> translation: since oem in braz -- i'm in brazil i have to cheer for the brazil yab national team. if there's a game between brazil
and japan, it would be hard. >> reporter: this being the world cup, down the street they gather to sing the national anthem before a recent game. and while the japanese culture is different to the nigerian, the city is proving that one thing is the same, the euphoria when the native country scores. everybody wants to be with a winner. that's it for us here on "america tonight". join us next time as we revisit a disaster in the night, a year after the train wreck in canada. "america tonight" sheila macvicar returns to a community devastated by the tragedy and vets what has and hasn't changed to make freight rail safer. the 2-part story. goodnight. we'll have more of "america tonight" tomorrow.
controversy. >> answers to the questions no one else will ask. >> real perspective, consider this on al jazeera america [ ♪ music ] hundreds more american troops headed to iraq just as a new terror video threat eps the u.s. and -- threatens the u.s. and claims an islamic state is born. an angry president obama blasts congress as he asks for $2 billion to deal with the humanitarian crisis on the board border. the supreme court hands down a divisive opinion on affordable care act, and